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UNIBO Master Students discuss EU foreign policy towards Belarus, Russia and Turkey
Event report available
Discussant: Antonio Parenti, Representative in Italy of the European Commission. Opening: Riccardo Cucconi, Europe Direct Emilia-Romagna Coordinator: Pina Lalli, Deputy Director of the Department of Political and Social Sciences - University of Bologna Presenters: EU foreign policy towards Belarus: Francesca Ongaro, Fabiola Ruosi, Angela Trentin EU foreign policy towards Russia: Maddalena Gambato EU foreign policy towards Turkey: Nada Bou Dargham, Jannis Ruoff The case studies are presented by the students of the 1 WS3 workshop curated by Elena Baracani, at the University of Bologna, which is part of the "EuLab" project, which aims to promote European citizenship, in collaboration with the students of the web communication workshop tutored by Michela Zingone at the Department of Political and Social Sciences. The Eulab project was born from a collaboration between the Department of Political Sciences of the University of Bologna and Europe Direct Emilia-Romagna. This event participates in the Conference on the Future of Europe, with the aim of providing ideas on European foreign policy with the contribution of university students in EU institutions of the University of Bologna.
Event reportThe case studies are presented by the students of the workshop 1 WS3 supervised by Elena Baracani, at the University of Bologna, which is part of the "EuLab" project, which aims to promote European citizenship, in collaboration with the students of the web communication workshop tutored by Michela Zingone at the Department of Political and Social Sciences. This event participates in the Conference on the future of Europe, with the aim of contributing ideas on European foreign policy with the contribution of the undergraduate students in EU Institutions of the University of Bologna. In the debate session, it emerged that, overall, EU foreign policy is strongly constrained by the fact the EU is not a fully-fledged state and that it lacks the formulation of common foreign interests. It was also underlined that the EU foreign policy process should be more transparent and that there should be more debate on EU foreign policy issue. Student’s findings and suggestions. The case of Belarus We focused on the case study of Belarus, specifically on Lukashenko’s fraudulent re-election, because we thought such topic is linked to the anti-democratic values the EU tackles with its normative power. During the analysis, we discovered a paradoxical situation regarding the sanctions imposed to Belarusian officials and enterprises. The EU effectively stood up for the Belarusian civil society and the opposition leaders financing them and imposing sanctions against the oppressors. However, the decision-making process unveiled “the EU’s organized hypocrisy”. Sanctions came excessively late and with a general disorganisation because of the Cypriote veto and the Russian influence which uncovered double standards and weakened the bargaining power of the EU. The case of Russia The analysis of our case study, based on the EU Foreign Policy towards Russia, has been focused on the European regulatory and socio-political responses to the poisoning of Alexei Navalny. We had the chance to research about the EU-Russia relations, and the decisions taken by EU institutions: in particular, we have seen how the Global Human rights sanctions regime was developed and implemented, which essential tools have been useful in the EU’s common foreign and security policy (CFSP), and what have been the international diplomatic consequences of this event. At the end of our case examination, we look at the criticalities and weaknesses of the European Union, that slow down the community processes and, due to the lack of cooperation and consensus between Member States, hinder a potential common direction of foreign policy, as well as a uniform intergovernmental body The case of Turkey Eleven graduate students from Italy, Turkey, Lebanon, Germany, Morocco and Greece have been working on the case study of the European sanctions that followed Turkey’s illegal drilling activities in the Exclusive Economic Zone of Cyprus, started in early 2019. The relevance of the case study is strictly related to the very complex context of bilateral relations between Brussels and Ankara. After an eight-week analysis that included an overview of outcomes, tracing the foreign policy and analyzing the independent variables included in the process, the group concluded that role of Turkey as strategic partner of the EU on many aspects (security, migration, trade) caused the EU to move at a more cautious pace, dividing the Member States on a stricter front (Greece, Cyprus) and a moderate “positive” front (Germany, Italy). General atmosphere The meeting was very interactive, thanks to the considerable participation of students from different backgrounds united by a strong and common interest in the European Union and in the active European citizenship. The debate took place in a very positive and constructive atmosphere. Students demonstrated good analytical and critical thinking skills, making the most of the opportunity to present their research and questions to the institutional representative of the EU Commission. Their feedback at the end of the meeting was also very positive, with particular reference to the attention shown by the interlocutor towards the scenarios they outlined and the issues raised with respect to the EU's international relations. A more detailed reportage of the conference will be soon available on the Compassunibo blog, the official blog of the Master in Media, Public and Corporate Communication of the University of Bologna. Link: https://compassunibo.wordpress.com/ The students of the web communication workshop made also a podcast focused on the EuLab project. In the episode, scheduled for the 9th of May (Europe Day) they hosted 4 students of the workshop in order to share their findings about the Eu foreign policy and their suggestions for the Conference on the Future of Europe. Link to the Spotify channel: https://open.spotify.com/show/05fimR4LnkfditB8y9JpL4?si=EYew4CkyTOm1n9vLO7XJ-w EuLab official site: https://site.unibo.it/eulab/it/eu-per-l-universita/laboratorio-2020-21 Europe Direct Emilia-Romagna official site: https://www.assemblea.emr.it/europedirect
11:00 - 13:00
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